El informe presenta las principales características estructurales de los sectores incluidos en la Encuesta de Adopción de Tecnología (EAT) llevada a cabo en Polonia y ofrece los resultados sectoriales de la EAT para funciones empresariales generales y específicas del sector, comparando a Polonia con un país homólogo, Corea. Los nueve sectores analizados en la TAS incluyen la agricultura, el procesamiento de alimentos, las prendas de vestir, los vehículos de motor, los productos farmacéuticos, los metales básicos, el comercio mayorista y minorista, los servicios financieros y el transporte terrestre.
These form a selection of the most important economic industries in agriculture, manufacturing, and services. The same sectors were chosen in all countries where TAS was implemented because of their important contributions to the national economies as well as their diversity, which allowed us to identify the different natures of their technological needs and the barriers to technology adoption. Sectors in Poland differ in technology sophistication in both general business and sector-specific functions but, to a large extent, those differences are driven by the sectors’ structural differences, such as the number of large firms, the share of exporters, and the number foreign-owned enterprises. Firms in different sectors face different economic conditions and are exposed to a different balance of regulatory, environmental, and geopolitical risks and challenges. Understanding those sectoral differences, especially as they affect the use of sector-specific technologies, is of utmost importance, because productivity improvements historically have been driven primarily by capital-intensive investment, which often involves sector-specific technologies. In the context of sector-specific technologies, it is worth noting that the level of sophistication differs between sectors. Comparing technology trends across sectors is beyond the scope of this report, however; rather, here we closely follow the methodology described in Bridging the Technological Divide: Technology Adoption by Firms in Developing Countries.
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